The Nitrogen Cycle – Nutrient Cycles Ep 1

Nitrogen is an essential element for living organisms. It is needed to make proteins, nucleic acids and ATP. The nitrogen cycle shows how this element is transferred between different parts of an ecosystem. In this article we will look at the four major steps and the microorganisms involved in the processes. The nitrogen cycle The … Read more

Limiting Factors – Photosynthesis Ep 3

The environmental conditions must be just right for photosynthesis to take place at the fastest possible rate. Today we're going to take a look at how light intensity, temperature and carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration can affect and limit the rate of photosynthesis. They will also affect plant growth, because photosynthesis produces glucose for respiration. Plants … Read more

Light-Independent Reaction – Photosynthesis Ep 2

In the last article we left photosynthesis at a point where ATP, reduced NADP, and oxygen had been produced in the light-dependent reaction. Oxygen is a waste product of photosynthesis, however the ATP and reduced NADP are used for the light-independent reaction. So although light energy isn't specifically needed for any reaction in this next … Read more

Light-Dependent Reaction – Photosynthesis Ep 1

Photosynthesis is the process used by plants and other photosynthetic organisms to make their own glucose. The glucose can then go on to be used in respiration, stored as starch, or used in other reactions. Photosynthesis requires light energy, but it is actually only the first stage which is light-dependent. We will focus on the … Read more

Gas Exchange in Plants – Exchange and Transport Ep 7

Sometimes it's easy to forget that plants exchange gases too because you can't see evidence of ventilation. As well as needing oxygen for respiration, plants also need carbon dioxide for photosynthesis. In addition, oxygen is a waste product of photosynthesis and carbon dioxide is a waste product of respiration. Dicotyledonous Plants First of all, what … Read more

Chloroplasts – Cell Organelles Ep 4

So far, all the organelles we have looked at (the nucleus, mitochondria, ribosomes and RER) are found in both animal and plant cells. Today's organelle, the chloroplasts, are only found in plant cells and some eukaryotic algae. Their main function is to carry out photosynthesis - the reaction that uses light energy to make glucose … Read more

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